Editor's Choice Articles
Editor's Choice – A Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Outpatient versus Inpatient Hospitalisation for Lower Extremity Arterial Disease Endovascular Revascularisation in France: A Randomised Controlled TrialThe AMBUVASC trial evaluated the cost effectiveness of outpatient vs. inpatient hospitalisation for endovascular repair of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD).
Editor's Choice – Regional Versus General Anaesthesia in Peripheral Vascular Surgery: a Propensity Score Matched Nationwide Cohort Study of 17 359 Procedures in DenmarkCardiopulmonary comorbidity is common in vascular surgery. General anaesthesia (GA) may impair perfusion and induce respiratory depression. Regional anaesthesia (RA), including neuraxial or peripheral nerve blocks, may therefore be associated with a better outcome.
Editor's Choice – Hospital Incidence, Treatment, and In Hospital Mortality Following Open and Endovascular Surgery for Thoraco-abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Germany from 2005 to 2014: Secondary Data Analysis of the Nationwide German DRG MicrodataHospital incidence, treatment modality, and in hospital mortality after surgery are reported for thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) treated by endovascular or open means in Germany from 2005 to 2014.
Editor's Choice – A Comparison of Clinical Outcomes Between Primary Bypass and Secondary Bypass After Failed Plain Balloon Angioplasty in the Bypass versus Angioplasty for Severe Ischaemia of the Limb (BASIL) TrialChronic limb threatening ischaemia (CLTI) is a growing global health problem. The UK NIHR HTA funded BASIL trial is still the only randomised controlled trial to have compared a “bypass surgery first” with a “plain balloon angioplasty (PBA) first” strategy for the management of CLTI. In patients who were likely to survive for 2 years and had a suitable vein, primary bypass (PB) was associated with better clinical outcomes. Furthermore, PBA was associated with a high technical and clinical failure rate and many went on to have secondary bypass (SB).
Editor's Choice – Re-interventions After Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: A Report From the IMPROVE Randomised TrialThe aim was to describe the re-interventions after endovascular and open repair of rupture, and investigate whether these were associated with aortic morphology.
Editor's Choice – Renal complications after EVAR with suprarenal versus infrarenal fixation among all users and routine usersPrevious studies comparing endografts with suprarenal and infrarenal fixation for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) have found conflicting results and did not account for differences in patient selection. This study aims to evaluate the differences in outcomes among surgeons who routinely use either suprarenal or infrarenal fixation, as well as all surgeons in the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE).
Editor's Choice – Very Urgent Carotid Endarterectomy is Associated with an Increased Procedural Risk: The Carotid Alarm StudyThe aim of the Carotid Alarm Study was to compare the procedural risk of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed within 48 hours with that after 48 hours to 14 days following an ipsilateral cerebrovascular ischaemic event.
Editor's Choice – Inequalities in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Screening in England: Effects of Social Deprivation and EthnicityPopulation screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in men is currently ongoing in several countries. The aim was to examine the effects of deprivation and ethnicity on uptake of screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and prevalence of AAA.
Editor's Choice – Mid-term Outcomes of Endovenous Laser Ablation in Patients with Active and Healed Venous Ulcers: A Follow-up StudyThe aim of this study was to assess the mid-term ulcer recurrence rate in patients with healed or active venous ulcers treated with endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) for incompetent superficial axial veins and to search for possible risk factors for non-healing and recurrence.
Editor's Choice – Trend-break in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair With Decreasing Surgical WorkloadThe epidemiology and management of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has changed drastically in the past decades, with implementation of nationwide screening programs, introduction of endovascular repair (EVAR), and reduced prevalence of the disease. This report aims to assess recent trends in AAA repair epidemiology in Sweden in this context.
Editor's Choice – Comparison of Renal Outcomes in Patients Treated by Zenith® Fenestrated and Zenith® Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Stent grafts in US Prospective Pivotal TrialsFenestrated endovascular repair (FEVAR) has been used to treat complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). The risk of renal function deterioration compared with infrarenal endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has not been determined.
Editor's Choice – Factors Associated with Long-Term Outcome in 191 Patients with Ilio-Femoral DVT Treated With Catheter-Directed ThrombolysisTo identify factors associated with long-term treatment success after catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) involving the ilio-femoral vein.
Editor's Choice – Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Improves Outcome in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Endovascular Femoropopliteal Stenting for Critical Limb IschaemiaThe purpose of this study was to analyse the effect of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) compared to aspirin on outcome after endovascular interventions in patients with CLI.
Editor's Choice – Durability of Endovascular Repair in Blunt Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Injury: Long-Term Outcome from Four Tertiary Referral CentersTo analyze the early and long-term survival and re-intervention rate in patients undergoing TEVAR for blunt traumatic thoracic aortic injury.
Editor's Choice – Thirty day Outcomes and Costs of Fenestrated and Branched Stent Grafts versus Open Repair for Complex Aortic AneurysmsTo compare 30 day outcomes and costs of fenestrated and branched stent grafts (f/b EVAR) and open surgery (OSR) for the treatment of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA).
Editor's Choice – ECAR (Endovasculaire ou Chirurgie dans les Anévrysmes aorto-iliaques Rompus): A French Randomized Controlled Trial of Endovascular Versus Open Surgical Repair of Ruptured Aorto-iliac AneurysmsECAR (Endovasculaire ou Chirurgie dans les Anévrysmes aorto-iliaques Rompus) is a prospective multicentre randomized controlled trial including consecutive patients with ruptured aorto-iliac aneurysms (rAIA) eligible for treatment by either endovascular (EVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR). Inclusion criteria were hemodynamic stability and computed tomography scan demonstrating aorto-iliac rupture.
Editor's Choice – Management of Chronic Venous Disease: Clinical Practice Guidelines of the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS)Anterior Accessory Saphenous Vein
Editor's Choice – Angulation of the C-Arm During Complex Endovascular Aortic Procedures Increases Radiation Exposure to the HeadThe increased complexity of endovascular aortic repair necessitates longer procedural time and higher radiation exposure to the operator, particularly to exposed body parts. The aims were to measure directly exposure to radiation of the bodies and heads of the operating team during endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA), and to identify factors that may increase exposure.
Editor's Choice – Ten-year Experience with Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Results from 166 Consecutive PatientsTo present a 10 year experience with endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair using fenestrated and branched stent grafts.
Editor's Choice – The Impact of Early Pelvic and Lower Limb Reperfusion and Attentive Peri-operative Management on the Incidence of Spinal Cord Ischemia During Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm Endovascular RepairSpinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a devastating complication following endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. In an attempt to reduce its incidence two peri-procedural changes were implemented by the authors in January 2010: (i) all large sheaths are withdrawn from the iliac arteries immediately after deploying the central device and before cannulation and branch extension to the visceral vessels; (ii) the peri-operative protocol has been modified in an attempt to optimize oxygen delivery to the sensitive cells of the cord (aggressive blood and platelet transfusion, median arterial pressure monitoring >85 mmHg, and systematic cerebrospinal fluid drainage).
Editor's Choice - A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Fascia Suture Technique Compared with a Suture-mediated Closure Device for Femoral Arterial Closure after Endovascular Aortic RepairThe aim was to investigate whether the fascia suture technique (FST) can reduce access closure time and procedural costs compared with the Prostar technique (Prostar) in patients undergoing endovascular aortic repair and to evaluate the short- and mid-term outcomes of both techniques.
Editor's Choice - External Validation of Models Predicting Survival After Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm RepairPrediction of survival after intervention for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) may support case mix comparison and tailor the prognosis for patients and relatives. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of four prediction models: the updated Glasgow Aneurysm Score (GAS), the Vancouver scoring system, the Edinburgh Ruptured Aneurysm Score (ERAS), and the Hardman index.
Editor's Choice - Safety of Carotid Endarterectomy After Intravenous Thrombolysis for Acute Ischaemic Stroke: A Case-Controlled Multicentre Registry StudyFew studies have been published on the safety of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Registry reports have been recommended in order to gather large study groups.
Editor's Choice – Type II Endoleak: Conservative Management Is a Safe StrategyType II endoleak is the most common complication after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR); however, its natural history is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of type II endoleak, at a single institution after EVAR.
Editor's Choice – Temporary Aneurysm Sac Perfusion as an Adjunct for Prevention of Spinal Cord Ischemia After Branched Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal AneurysmsTo report experience with the concept of temporary aneurysm sac perfusion (TASP) and second stage side branch completion to prevent severe spinal cord ischemia (SCI) after branched endovascular aortic repair (bEVAR) for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA).